Travel Industry News at since 1997
Fri, 12 November 2021

Singapore Airlines Expects Passenger Capacity to Reach 43% of Pre-COVID Levels by December

(12 Nov 2021)  In H1 FY2021/22, Singapore Airlines (SIA) Group's passenger traffic, measured in revenue passenger-kilometres (RPKs), grew five-fold year-on-year, with passenger capacity (ASKs) also growing five-fold year-on-year to reach 32% of pre-COVID19 levels as of September 2021.

Group revenue rose $1,193 million (+73%) year-on-year to $2,827 million, attributable to improvements in both the passenger and cargo segments.

Passenger flown revenue grew by $598 million (+385.8%) on the back of the recovery in traffic, partly offset by weaker yields.

Cargo flown revenue reached a record high of $1,875 million (+$635 million or +51.2%) with the progressive resumption of passenger flights contributing to the increase in cargo capacity (+49.5%) and loads carried (+61.6%).

Singapore Airlines passenger and cargo aircraft. Picture by Steven Howard of Click to enlarge.
Singapore Airlines passenger and cargo aircraft. Picture by Steven Howard of

The strong cargo performance reflects the capacity crunch in both air freight and ocean freight, and ongoing supply chain disruptions driving air freight demand.

Group expenditure fell $51 million (-1.5%) to $3,446 million. This was mainly due to the absence of the fuel hedging ineffectiveness that was recorded last year, and the swing from fair value loss to gain on fuel derivatives arising from the rise in fuel prices during the first half of the year.

This was mostly offset by net fuel costs which rose $434 million (+115.4%) to $810 million, mainly due to higher fuel prices and an increase in volume uplifted to support the expansion in passenger operations.

Non-fuel expenditure also rose by $157 million (+6.1%) to $2,715 million, as higher costs were incurred from increased flying activities.

As a result, the SIA Group recorded an operating loss of $619 million for the first half, an improvement of $1,244 million (+66.8%) from the $1,863 million operating loss in the previous year.

For the half year ended 30 September 2021, the group reported a net loss of $837 million, an improvement of $2,630 million (+75.9%) from the prior year. This was mainly due to better operating performance, and the absence of $1,630 million in non-cash items recorded last year largely from the impairment of aircraft assessed to be surplus to requirements.

The operating cash deficit for the first half narrowed to $106 million (or an average of $18 million per month) from $1,726 million last year, on the back of better operating performance.

Group revenue rose $237 million (+18.3%) quarter-on-quarter to $1,532 million. Passenger flown revenue increased by $118 million (+37.2%) as passenger traffic grew 43.4% quarter-on-quarter, outpacing the 21.5% expansion in capacity. As a result, passenger load factor (PLF) improved 2.6 percentage points compared to the previous quarter to 17.4%.

The launch of Singapores first quarantine-free VTL arrangements with Brunei and Germany on 8 September 2021 resulted in an uptick in demand, especially to Germany.

Cargo flown revenue increased by $122 million (+13.9%), as yields remained elevated (+5.2%) and loads carried improved (+8.5%) as supply chain disruptions intensified, exacerbating the industrys capacity crunch.

Group expenditure grew $308 million (+19.6%) as the expansion in passenger operations led to higher net fuel costs of $450 million, up $90 million (+25.0%) against the previous quarter, driven by higher fuel volume uplifted (+$67 million), higher fuel prices (+$41 million), strengthening of USD against SGD (+$8 million), partially offset by higher hedging gains (-$26 million). There was also a lower fair value gain on fuel derivatives of $65 million quarter-on-quarter. Non-fuel expenditure increased $153 million (+11.9%), in line with the expanded operations.

Consequently, the group recorded an operating loss of $345 million, higher by $71 million (+25.9%) as compared to the previous quarter. Net loss for the second quarter of FY2021-22 came in at $428 million, a slight increase of $19 million (+4.6%) quarter-on-quarter.

First Half FY2021/22 Balance Sheet

As at 30 September 2021, the group shareholders equity was $22 billion, an increase of $6.1 billion compared to 31 March 2021. Cash and bank balances saw an increase of $4.7 billion, rising to $12.5 billion primarily due to the issuance of the Rights 2021 Mandatory Convertible Bonds. Total debt balances increased by $0.7 billion to $15.1 billion, attributable to the increase in lease liabilities as a result of sale-and leaseback activities.

Consequently, the groups debt-equity ratio fell from 0.90 times to 0.69 times. In addition to the cash on hand, the group continues to retain access to $2.1 billion of committed lines of credit, all of which remain undrawn at present.

Fleet and Network

During the second quarter, six Boeing 737-8 MAX aircraft were transferred from SilkAir into the SIA operating fleet as part of the integration of SilkAir into SIA. This followed the removal of the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapores restrictions on the operation of these aircraft.

In addition, one A350 aircraft delivered in the first quarter entered the operating fleet in the second quarter.

The last Airbus A330 aircraft was removed from the operating fleet for lease return checks.

At the end of September 2021, SIAs operating fleet comprised 121 passenger aircraft and seven freighters. The 121 passenger aircraft comprised: 23 777-300ERs, 12 A380s, 56 A350s, 15 787-10s, 9 737-800s and 6 737-8 MAXs.

Scoot added one more A321neo aircraft into its operating fleet bringing its fleet size to 50 passenger aircraft. The 50 passenger aircraft comprised: 10 787-8s, 10 787-9s, 21 A320ceos, 5 A320neos and 4 A321neos.

As at 30 September 2021, the group had an operating fleet of 171 passenger aircraft and seven freighters. At an average age of six years, this is one of the youngest airline fleets in the industry.

During the quarter, SIA resumed passenger services to Cape Town, Kathmandu, Manchester, and Rome. Scoot re-introduced flights to Berlin (via Athens) and Sydney. Medan, Nanjing and Surabaya services were temporarily suspended due to airport closures.

At the end of September 2021, SIA served 525 destinations while Scoot covered 245 points. The groups passenger network covered 655 destinations, up from 63 compared to the previous quarter. The groups cargo network comprised 785 destinations, up from 76 as at the end of the prior quarter.

Singapore took a major step in re-opening its borders and restoring its status as an international air hub on 8 September, when the first VTL services were launched from Brunei and Germany.

The VTL arrangements have since been expanded to include Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Italy, Malaysia, the Netherlands, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and United States of America.

At present, the SIA Groups VTL network consists of 21 cities from 14 countries, though this is expected to expand in the near future.

SIA will resume Airbus A380 operations to London from 18 November 2021 and Sydney from 1 December 2021 to support the increased demand on these routes.

SIA will re-instate flights to Houston (via Manchester) on 1 December 2021, and launch a seasonal Singapore-Seattle-Vancouver service from 2 December 2021.

Scoot started non-stop services to Berlin on 19 October 2021, and will commence flights to Incheon from 15 November 2021 and Davao from 1 December 2021.

Based on current published schedules, the group expects passenger capacity to reach 43% of pre-COVID levels by December 2021. The Group network will serve just over half of the total pre-COVID points, or 73 destinations including Singapore.

Fuel Hedging

Following the outbreak of the COVID19 pandemic, there was a significant reduction in the groups capacity and hence fuel consumption, compared to prior planned flight schedules.

In view of the reduced consumption and the uncertainty that remains in the recovery profile, the group took steps in the first half of FY2021/22 to recalibrate its fuel hedge book closer to a neutral posture through sell swaps to close out some of the prior hedge positions.

The group is currently hedged in Brent at about 30% of expected consumption for the second half of FY2021/22, at an average price of US$57 per barrel.

For the period between the first quarter of FY2022/23 and the first quarter of FY2023/24, the group has hedged about 40% of expected consumption at an average price of US$60 per barrel. Hedge positions beyond the first quarter of FY2023/24 have been closed out.

The close-out trades, taken in a period of rising oil prices, have locked in gains of US$352 million, of which US$120 million has already been recognised under fair value gains in prior periods.

The remaining Profit and Loss impact from these close-out trades would amount to US$24 million for the second half of FY2021/22 and US$208 million for the periods beyond.

Interim Dividend

In view of the significant losses incurred and the need to conserve cash, the SIA's Board is not proposing an interim dividend for the half-year ended 30 September 2021.


Beyond Singapore, key Asia-Pacific markets continue to gradually open up. Australia removed restrictions on outbound travel for its residents on 1 November, and will reopen its borders to all vaccinated Singaporeans from 21 November. With Singapores earlier inclusion of Australia in its VTL arrangements, this establishes two way quarantine-free travel between Singapore and the Australian states of New South Wales and Victoria.

Within South East Asia, Singapore has announced a bilateral VTL agreement with Malaysia, and adjusted the risk classification for some countries, including Indonesia, Vietnam and Thailand. This gives Singapore scope to start opening up its borders with countries in the region.

The traditional year-end cargo peak period is expected to see strong demand, supported in part by retail inventory restocking before the peak shopping season. This comes amid an ongoing industry capacity crunch for both air freight and ocean freight.

Purchasing Managers Indices are still in expansionary territory for key export economies, boding well for air cargo demand. Nonetheless, some economies are now facing production constraints as a result of pandemic controls, supply chain disruptions, and energy shortages.

Expansion of bellyhold capacity will continue with the resumption of passenger flights, and the continued deployment of passenger aircraft for cargo-only flights as required.

Fuel prices have been trending higher on the back of a resurgence in demand, and volatility is expected to persist in the near term, amid a global energy crunch.

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